HALICYCLOPIDAE Kiefer, 1927


NEOCYCLOPS Gurney 1927; Petkovski 1986 (syn.Eurycyclops Sewell, 1949; Neocyclops (Neocyclops) Gurney, 1927; Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) Petkovski, 1986; Pareuryte Herbst, 1952)


The genus Neocyclops Gurney, 1927, sensu Petkovski, 1986, includes 24 species, widespread in coastal, surface and subterranean (anchialine), habitats of Northeast and Tropical Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Black and Red seas and the Indian (Australia) and Pacific (Papua, New Guinea) oceans, with an endemism index of about 95%.

Petkovski (1986) splitted the genus into two subgenera according to the number of exopodal segments of the male fifth leg. Particularly, species with male exopod of leg 5 4-segmented (plesiomorphic state ?) are grouped in the subgenus Protoneocyclops, and species with the same exopod 3-segmented (apomorphic state ?) are included in the subgenus Neocyclops s. str.

The subgenus Protoneocyclops comprises seven species: P. mediterraneus (Kiefer, 1960); P. stocki Pesce, 1985; P. papuensis Fiers, 1986; P. herbsti Petkovski, 1986; P. wellsi Petkovski, 1986; P.geltrudeae Pesce & Galassi, 1993; P. ferrarii Rocha, 1995 . The subgenus Neocyclops embraces six species: N. salinarum (Gurney, 1927); N. remanei (Herbst, 1952); N. medius Herbst, 1955; N. vicinus (Herbst, 1955); N. affinis (Plesa, 1961); N. petkovskii De Laurentiis, Pesce & Halse, 1997. In the following discussion the division of Neocyclops in the subgenera Neocyclops s.str. and Protoneocyclops will not followed.



  • Neocyclops mediterraneus (Kiefer, 1960) [Balearic Islands, South Italy] (left) [PDF] [PDF2]
  • Neocyclops stocki Pesce, 1985 [West Indies, Cuba] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops papuensis Fiers, 1986 [Papua, New Guinea, Bahamas] [PDF] (syn- Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) papuensis Fiers, 1986 accepted as Neocyclops papuensis Fiers, 1986) [PDF]
  • Neocyclops herbsti Petkovski, 1986 [Red Sea]
  • Neocyclops wellsi Petkovski, 1986 [Mozambique] (syn. Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) wellsi Petkovski, 1986 accepted as Neocyclops wellsi Petkovski, 1986)
  • Neocyclops geltrudeae Pesce & Galassi, 1993 [central America] [PDF] accepted as Neocyclops geltrudeae Pesce & Galassi, 1993
  • Neocyclops ferrarii Rocha, 1995 [Belize]

  • Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) Petkovski, 1986 (syn. Neocyclops Gurney, 1927)
  • Neocyclops salinarum (Gurney, 1927) [France, Africa, Sinai, Andaman Islands ?]
  • Neocyclops remanei (Herbst, 1952) [Germany]
  • Neocyclops medius Herbst, 1955 [Brazil, Antilles; sandy beaches interstitial]
  • Neocyclops vicinus (Herbst, 1955) [Blanck Sea ?, Antilles, Brazil; sandy beaches interstitial ]
  • Neocyclops affinis (Plesa, 1961) [Africa, Madagascar,Bahamas] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops petkovskii De Laurentiis, Pesce & Halse, 1997 [Western Australia] [PDF]

    Other species have still an undefined subgeneric position.

  • Neocyclops hoonsooi Lee & Chang, 2015 [Korea; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops improvisus Plesa, 1973 [Cuba]
  • Neocyclops magnus (Sewell, 1949) [Indian Ocean (Maldive Archipelago)],
  • Neocyclops parvus (Sewell, 1949) [Indian Ocean (Maldive Archipelago)]
  • Neocyclops australiensis Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops sharkbayensis Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops trajani Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops pilbarensis Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops plesai Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops monchenkoi Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]
  • Neocyclops tropicus Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial][PDF]
  • Neocyclops dussarti Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial] [PDF]


    KEY TO SPECIES OF NEOCYCLOPS [PDF]


    RELEVANT LITERATURE


    BOXSHALL, G. (2001). Copepoda (excl. Harpacticoida), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 252-268

    DE LAURENTIIS P., G.L.PESCE & S.A. HALSE. 1997. Discovery of the first representative of the genus Neocyclops Gurney in Australia, and description of Neocyclops (Neocyclops) petkovskii n.sp. (Copepoda, Halicyclopinae). Bull. Zool. Mus. Univ. Amsterdam, 16 (3): 15-19.

    FIERS F. 1986. New and interesting copepods (Crustacea, Copepoda) from brackish waters of Laing Island (Northern Papua New Guinea). Leopold III Biological Station, Lain Island - Contribution n 96. Bull. van het Konin. Belg. Inst. voor Natur., 56: 99-120.

    JAUME D. & G.A. BOXSHALL. 1996. Rare cyclopoid copepods (Crustacea) from Mediterranean littoral caves. Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.), 62 (2): 83-99.

    KARANOVIC T. 2008. Marine Interstitial Poecilostomatoida and Cyclopoida (Copepoda) of Australia. Crustaceana Monographs, vol. 9.

    LOTUFO G.R. & C.E.F. ROCHA. 1993. Neocyclops Gurney from Brazilian sandy beaches (Copepoda: Cyclopoida)Bijdr. Dierk., 63 (3): 163-172.

    PESCE G.L., 1985. Amsterdam expeditions to the West Indian Islands. Report 45. Cyclopids (Crustacea: Copepoda) from West Indian groundwater habitats. Bijdr. Dierk., Amsterdam, Olanda, 55 (2): 295-323.

    PESCE G. L. & D. P. GALASSI, 1993. Amsterdam expeditions to the West Indian Islands. Report 74. The genus Neocyclops Gurney in the West Indies: an update and description of Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) geltrudeae n.sp. (Crustacea Copepoda: Cyclopidae). Bijdr. Dierk., Amsterdam, Olanda, 63 (2):115-120.

    PETKOVSKI T.K. 1986. Zur Taxonomie des Genus Neocyclops Gurney, 1927 (Crustacea, Copepoda Cyclopoida). Acta Mus. maced. sci. nat., 18 (2/148); 27-46.

    ROCHA C.E.F. 1995. Neocyclops (Protoneocyclops) ferrarii, a new species of cyclopid (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) from Belize, with remarks on the morphology of the genus Neocyclops. Contributions to Zoology, 65 (1): 41-51.

    SEWELL, R.B.S. (1949). The littoral and semi-parasitic Cyclopoida, the Monstrilloida and Notodelphyoida. Scientific Reports of the John Murray Expedition. Publ. British Museum (Natural History). 9(2):17-199, figs. 1-41,

    WALTER, T.C.; BOXSHALL G. (2021). World of Copepods database. Eurycyclops remanei vicinus (Herbst, 1955). Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda



    SCIENTISTS WHO ACTUALLY WORK ON THE GENUS NEOCYCLOPS


    BOXSHALL G.A.
    Department of Zoology - British Museum (Natural History)
    Cromwell Road London SW7 5BD England;
    e-mail gab@nhm.ac.uk

    FIERS FRANK
    Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
    Vautierstraat 29, B-1000 Brussels - Belgium
    E-mail: frankfiers@kbinirsnb.be

    HERBST H.V.
    Distelweg 1
    4150 Krefeld 29 - Germany

    KARANOVIC T. , PhD Research Professor
    Department of Life Sciences, Hanyang University
    Seoul 133-791 - KOREA
    e-mail: Tomislav.Karanovic@utas.edu.au

    PESCE G. L.
    Via Santa Maria al Colle, 131/B
    67019 Scoppito - L'Aquila (Italy)
    mobile: 39-333-8769242
    e-mail: luciopesce@virgilio.it
    www.luciopesce.net

    PETKOVSKI T.K.
    15 Kensigton Rd., 904, Brampton, Ontario
    L6T 3W2 CANADA
    e-mail: vlastopetkovski@sprint.ca

    ROCHA CARLOS E.
    Departamento de Zoologia IBUSP
    Rua do Matao, trav. 14, no. 321 - 05508-900 Sao Paulo Brazil
    tel. 55 11 30917617; fax 55 11 30917513
    e-mail: cefrocha@usp.br




    LINK TO THE COPEPOD WORLD AT SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION


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