CYCLOPINIDAE Sars, 1913 sensu Martinez Arbizu, 1997


The Cyclopinidae s. l. complex is the most primitive within the Cyclopoid order (Ho, 1994; Martinez Arbizu, 1997).

The unifying apomorphy of the representatives of this complex is the female fully fused genital double somite, although the value of this character has been reduced by the discovery of the genus Muceddina, which displays only partial fusion between genital and first abdominal somites (Jaume & Boxshall, 1997; Huys & Boxshall, 1990, 1991).

From an ecological point of view representatives of the Cyclopinidae s. latu successfully colonized marine and brackish coastal habitats, littoral interstitial environments, hyperbenthic habitats, as well as they are well represented in the marine plankton, sea-ice crevices and anchialine caves. A few species have thus far been reported from inland fresh waters.

Copepods of the family Cyclopinidae are known also from anchihaline caves and the hyperbenthos of the deep-sea (Jaume & Boxshall 1996, 1997; Martínez Arbizu 1997, 2000). Only one cyclopinid (Barathricola rimensis Humes, 1999) has been described from the hydrothermal vents (Humes 1999).

Recently, Martinez Arbizu (ipers. com.) removed most genera from the old family Cyclopinidae, transferring them to other, new families of cyclopoids (Pterinopsyllidae, Psammocyclopinidae, Hemicyclopinidae, Smirnovipinidae, Cyclopettidae, Cyclopicinidae, Giselinidae, Schminkepinellidae). Karanovic (2008) still consider the genera Cyclopinella and Hemicyclopina in the family Cyclopinidae.

The family Cyclopinidae Sars, 1913 was recently considered paraphyletic (Martínez-Arbizu, 1997, 2000, 2006) and split into eight families (Stoch, 2010) [PDF].

Following Martinez-Arbizu's (2001) opinion, presently, the family Cyclopinidae should include the following genera:


ALLOCYCLOPINA Kiefer, 1954
AFROCYCLOPINA Wells, 1967
ARENOCYCLOPINA Krishnaswamy, 1957
CRYPTOCYCLOPINA Monchenko, 1979
CUIPORA Ribeiro Lotufo & da Rocha, 1991 (syn. Cyclopina Claus, 1863)
CYCLOPINA Claus, 1863
CYCLOPIDINA Steuer, 1940
CYCLOPINELLA G.O. Sars, 1913
CYCLOPINOPSIS Smirnov, 1935
CYCLOPINOTUS Monchenko, 1989 *
CYCLOPUELLA Por, 1979
ERYTHROPOLITES Huys & Boxshall, 1990
HEPTNERINA Ivanenko & Defaye, 2004
HERBSTINA Huys & Boxshall, 1990
HETEROCYCLOPINA Plesa, 1968
INDOCYCLOPINA Wells, 1967
MEXICLOPINA Suárez-Morales & Almeyda-Artigas, 2015
MICROCYCLOPINA Plesa, 1991
TROGLOCYCLOPINA Jaume & Boxshall, 1996

* synonym: CYCLOPORELLA Monchenko, 1981

| KEY TO THE SPECIES OF CYCLOPINIDAE |


MEXICLOPINA Suárez-Morales & Almeyda-Artigas, 2015 [PDF]

  • Mexiclopina campechana Morales & Almeyda-Artigas, 2015 [Mexico] [PDF]


    ALLOCYCLOPINA Kiefer, 1954

    Type-species: Allocyclopina madagassica Kiefer, 1954

  • Allocyclopina ambigua Kiefer, 1956 [Reunion Island; marine coastal interstitial]
  • Allocyclopina australiensis Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial]
  • Allocyclopina inopinata Defaye & Ranga, 2008 [India; hyporheic]
  • Allocyclopina madagassica Kiefer, 1954 {Madagascar;lagoons]


    CYCLOPINELLA G.O. Sars, 1913

  • Cyclopinella tincambayensis Karanovic, 2008 [Australia]


    CRYPTOCYCLOPINA Monchenko, 1979

    Type-species: Cryptocyclopina inopinata Monchenko, 1979

  • Cryptocyclopina inopinata Monchenko, 1979 [Black and Caspian seas, estuaries] [PDF]
  • Cryptocyclopina monchenkoi Karanovic, 2008 [Australia; marine interstitial]


    ARENOCYCLOPINA Krishnaswamy, 1957

    Type-species: Arenocyclopina biarticulata Krishnaswamy, 1957

  • Arenocyclopina biarticulata Krishnaswamy, 1957 [India; marine coastal waters]


    AFROCYCLOPINA Wells, 1967

    Type-species: Afrocyclopina platypus Wells, 1967

  • Afrocyclopina platypus Wells, 1967 [Africa; marine]


    CYCLOPINOPSIS Smirnov, 1935

    Type-species: Cyclopinopsis curticauda Smirnov, 1935

  • Cyclopinopsis brasiliensis Herbst, 1955 [Brazil; marine coastal interstitial]
  • Cyclopinopsis curticauda Smirnov, 1935 [URSS; marine]
  • Cyclopinopsis deformata Lee J & Chang, 2019


    CYCLOPIDINA Steuer, 1940

    Type-species: Cyclopidina euacantha (Sars, 1913)

  • Cyclopidina euacantha (Sars, 1913) [Europe; amphioxus sand]


    INDOCYCLOPINA Wells, 1967

    Type-species:Indocyclopina langi (Krshnaswamy, 1957)

  • Indocyclopina langi (Krshnaswamy, 957) [Indian Ocean, India; marine]





    REVIEWS AND WORLD KEY TO GENERA OF CYCLOPINIDAE IN


    Lindberg K. 1952. La sous-famille des Cyclopininae Kiefer (Crustacés Copépodes). Ark. Zool., 4 (16): 311-325.

    Jaume D. & G. A. Boxshall, 1997. Two new genera of cyclopinid copepods (Cyclopoida: Cyclopinidae) from anchialine caves of the Canary and Balearic islands, with a key to genera of the family. Zool. J. Linnean Soc., 120: 79-101.



    MORE RELEVANT LITERATURE





    EREBONASTERIDAE Humes, 1987

    The Erebonasteridae is a family of deep-water cyclopoid copepods including nine species in five genera. Along with all other families formerly placed in Poecilostomatoida it was recently transferred to the order Cyclopoida (Martinez- Arbizu, 2000; Boxshall & Halsey, 2004) [PDF]

    AMBILIMBUS Ivanenko, Defaye & Huys, 2005 (syn.Amphicrossus Huys, 1991)

  • Ambilimbus altalis (Humes & Huys, 1992)
  • Ambilimbus arcuscelestis Ivanenko, Defaye & Huys, 2005 [PDF]
  • Ambilimbus pacificus (Huys, 1991)
  • Ambilimbus spinulosus (Humes, 1989) [PDF]
  • Ambilimbus tuerkayi (Martínez Arbizu, 1999)

    CENTOBNASTER Huys & Boxshall, 1990

  • Centobnaster humesi Huys & Boxshall, 1990
  • Centobnaster severnicus Martínez Arbizu, 1997

    EREBONASTER Humes, 1987

  • Erebonaster protentipes Humes, 1987
  • Erebonaster spinulosus Humes, 1989 (syn. Ambilimbus spinulosus (Humes, 1989)

    NANSENNASTER Martínez Arbizu, 1999

  • Nansennaster innupta Martínez Arbizu, 1999

    TYCHIDION Humes, 1973

  • Tychidion guyanense Humes, 1973

    AMPHICROSSUS Huys, 1991
    (syn. Ambilimbus Ivanenko, Defaye & Huys, 2005)




    | LATEST REVISION AUGUST 28, 2021|


    Copyright © 1999-2021 G. L. Pesce - All Rights Reserved. Text and images on this website may not be
    redistributed or put as part of any collection (image archives, CDs etc) without prior written permission.